There are two legal restrictions on how far you can move after a divorce with a minor child. First, MCL 722.31(1) prohibits a parent from moving after divorce with a minor child to another home more than 100 miles (as the crow flies) from your current residence without court permission. However, MCL 722.31(2) provides that this restriction does not apply if a parent is awarded sole legal custody. Second, Michigan Court Rule 3.211(C)(1) prohibits a parent from moving outside of the State of Michigan without approval from the Judge who awarded custody.
Michigan child custody law can be complex but don’t worry. We make it easy to help you understand this area of the law with the Michigan Divorce Education Series of videos on custody.
A trial court can enter and order changing custody, however, before a court may consider modification, the party requesting the change must demonstrate proper cause or a change of circumstances since the entry of the last custody order.
There is a general perception that court’s are reluctant to change custody because it can create a lack of stability in a child’s life and the perception is true.
In Michigan, a custodial parent is the the parent with whom a child spends the majority of overnights with during the course of a year. This definition is similar to that used by the Internal Revenue Service when determining dependent status for tax purposes.
On February 27, 2020, a Michigan child custody act appeal was decided by the Court of Appeals in the case, entitled O’brien, Jr., v. D’Annunizio. In the O’brien case, the mother mother appealed the trial court’s order granting the father sole legal and physical custody of the parties’ twin children. Michigan Child Custody Act Appeal[…]
The Uniform Child-Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act (herein: “UCCJEA”) is found in Michigan Compiled Laws section 722.1101. The UCCJEA was designed, among other things to resolve conflicts relating to jurisdiction in a child custody action by prioritizing the home state of a child. The UCCJEA also clarifies continuing jurisdiction for the state that entered the[…]
The seminal case in a Michigan custody modification case is Vodvarka vs. Grasmeyer which defines the threshold requirements to change custody. The threshold requirements are proper cause or change of circumstances. Under Michigan law, without establishing either proper cause or a change of circumstance, you cannot modify an award of child custody. In Vodvarka, the mother[…]
On September 11, 2018, the Michigan Court of Appeals in the case of Holmes v. Holmes reversed the trial court’s Michigan child custody determination awarding the father sole legal custody, requiring the trial court to examine the case again. What makes this case unique is the notion that a child custody award can only be[…]
When a soon to be ex has a newborn child a Michigan divorce or Michigan child custody case can become more complicated, especially when the mother is breastfeeding. Breastfeeding and the Tender Years doctrine The Tender Years Doctrine is a legal principle from old English Common Law. The doctrine presumed that a child’s “tender years”[…]
It is easy to get lost in the trees when you should be focusing on the forest. However, we recognize that some people like the nitty gritty details which is why we created the nitty gritty details series. The nitty gritty details series will focus on the technical side of divorce, custody and support laws.[…]
On September 21, 2017, the Michigan Court of Appeals reviewed the case of Christopher Gucwa v. Maranda Lee. Miranda asked the Court of Appeals to review the dismissal of her Motion to change custody. A Motion is a term of art used in the legal profession to ask the court to do something and Miranda[…]
On August 22, 2017, the Michigan Court of Appeals in the case of Roe v. Roe upheld the trial court’s decision to change child custody from the mother to the father. In the Roe case, the parties married in 2006, separated in 2010, and divorced in 2014. The father is a soldier in the United[…]
When a trial court is faced with a request to change child custody, it must first make a determination if there is proper cause or a change of circumstances since the last child custody order. If a court determines that there is proper cause or a change of circumstances then the trial court must conduct[…]
With a population of 21,000 people, Marquette Michigan may be considered a small town, however for the parties in Lessard v. Londo, Michigan Court of Appeals Docket No. 336156, the small town was home to a big problem involving the best interest of the child, age 16 months. Mr. Lessard met Ms. Londo on the[…]
Divorce can be a difficult experience, especially for kids. This can be a time when your child is truly struggling – with academics, personal relationships, or managing emotions and behaviors. A little extra help in dealing with this new situation can make all the difference. But, who do you turn to? Counselors, social workers, psychologists[…]
When fighting for custody in a Michigan divorce or custody case you have an obligation to prove your claims with evidence. This obligation is called the burden of proof. The different Michigan child custody burden of proofs are: Clear and convincing evidence which requires evidence that the claim is very highly probable; and Preponderance of[…]
Sometimes things do not go as planned. Parents typically celebrate after a child is born. Unfortunately, many relationships end, and if parents cannot agree on custody or parenting time of a child, the Michigan divorce or custody court will decide how custody is awarded and parenting time is spent. When a court makes the wrong[…]
Custody in Michigan – Best interest of the child factor (f) Best Interest of the Child Factor : One of the twelve child custody factors set forth in the Child Custody Act is best interest of the child factor (f). Best[…]
Custody in Michigan – Best interest of the child factor (d) One of the twelve child custody factors set forth in the Child Custody Act is best interest of the child factor (d). Best interest of the child factor (d) examines the length of time a child has lived in a stable, satisfactory environment, and[…]
Custody in Michigan – Best interest of the child factor (c) One of the twelve child custody factors set forth in the Child Custody Act is best interest of the child factor (c) is . Best interest of the child factor (c) examines the capacity and disposition of the parties involved to provide the child[…]
Joint Legal custody in Michigan: By: Daniel Findling Physical custody and joint legal custody in Michigan explained. Unlike physical custody, sometimes called the custodial parent which defines where a child lives on a day to day basis, legal custody defines the right to make legal decisions for the child regarding education, health care, religion, and[…]
Custody modification. In Michigan, a child custody determination can be modified. The statutory authority for a court to modify a custody determination is found in Michigan Compiled Laws section 722.27(c). In order to modify a Michigan child custody determination, the party seeking to change child custody must first provide a good basis for the modification.[…]
Michigan child custody law – can a child choose who to live with? One question, I get asked every week is at what age can a child choose who to live with? Not surprisingly, the question is asked after a parent determines that the child now wants to live with them. The answer to the[…]
Michigan Divorce Education Series Michigan child custody, child support and parenting time: This video Webinar is a comprehensive explanation of Michigan law and strategy covering child custody, child support, and parenting time. Key learnings and strategies are discussed. I am hopeful you find it both empowering and educational. A summary of the topics covered is[…]